Nalanda: A World Heritage Site

Towards the Southeast of Patna is a village called the Bada Gaon’, in the vicinity of which, are the world famous ruins of Nalanda University. It falls on way to Rajgir. It is also linked by rail with Patna, Rajgir and Bakhtiyarpur (on Delhi-Howrah main track). Though it is traditionally dated to the time of the Buddha (6th-5th cent. BC), archaeological excavations date its current foundations to the 5th century AD The university flourished during the 5th and 12th century. It was the first residential International University of the world. Housing about 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers, this university at- tracted pupils from all over the world. A walk in the ruins of the university, takes you to an era, that saw India leading in imparting knowledge, to the world – the era when India was a coveted place for studies. The courses of study included scrip-tures of Buddhism (both Mahayana and Hinayana Schools)